HOW INDIA CAN SET GOAL IN SKILLING THE NATION?
Education and globalization are the two major contenders faced by Indian government after announcing the budget. Hence, great importance was given to vocational training for making India's youth a globally ready workforce. This comes along with stress to make India a hub for information technology and education on an international level. However, all of this was possible if the major problems are addressed. This could also hinder the growth of fitting in the index of a developed country.
Persistent challenges faced by India facing persistent challenges
India is on the verge to become the youngest nation in this entire world by 2020. The median age of the population at 29 and 64 % of its populous is marked under working age. Hence, looking at this optimistic outlook it seems that the government of India can achieve its target to achieve double-digit GDP. However, the nation could still face deep-rooted as well as persistent challenges like dropouts, illiteracy, skill-gap, unemployment and wage disparity. These are some of the major reasons that could hinder the economic progress of the country by adding underutilization and unemployment to the workforce.
However, to curb the unemployment rate as well as empower youth with efficient skills, the government has introduced several programs and initiatives in the past. All the efforts ran into trouble when the recent data disclosed that India’s status of unemployment was highest.
In the year 2009, under the UPA government, the NSDC was set up with a major aim in promoting skill development by catalyzing the creating of quality, for-profit, and large vocational institutions. This program is under NSDC and it was started with a target to skill 500 million people by year 2022.
More than 500 skill development centers were started in more than 485 districts and training has been provided for more than 200 job roles. However, this training ranges from telecom, Apparel to Retail and Electronics. Since a decade the government of India has been trying to build robust plans towards the mission of skill India but this program has not achieved a high success level.
Irrational approach towards training
In the race for chasing the numbers, the government missed ideal approach towards skilling that has been driven not by supply but demand. However, India strives in providing skill training to millions of potential job seekers, it needs to emphasize much more on providing skill training for jobs. Skill training requires to be provided according to the changing requirement of industries so workforce could survive in this fast-changing technological world.
The industry has been facing an acute problem of mismatch between availability and demand for job roles and it results in unemployment. The government has been working on long and short term plans that would help industry to provide jobs to millions of people through different skilling problems. You need to demand aggregation over all the job roles as well as sectors, along with its training would be provided.
Corporate Social Responsibility
The governance system would coordinate with top companies inside the industrial sector all over India. Their turnover is more to set a limit for availing them with tax-benefits in joining hands with skill. Companies could hire people on need basis and the availability of skill-trained people for participating in their local places where demand has risen. A tie-up among the industries and institutes could facilitate internships for meeting trade pre-requisite.
Public-Private Partnerships (PPP)
The PPP is a tool that is used for encouraging the evolution of vocational training and skill training sectors through the implementation and funding of projects. However, technical and professional expertise, organisations and private firms heavily invest among the progress of candidates undergoing skill-training programs. This creates experienced workforce for the nation and this all sums up in creating a professional workforce.
Why Muskan NGO work best for skill development?
Muskan NGO volunteers work with the government for launching various skill development programs. Moreover, they also provide tips on enhancing the economic growth of a country.