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OCEANS ARE BEING AFFECTED BY GLOBAL WARMING

OCEANS ARE BEING AFFECTED BY GLOBAL WARMING

How oceans are being affected by global warming?

The oceans as well as seas have been heavily affected by the change in climate and people have started to understand the magnitude of these changes. Hence, all the aquatic as well as marine invertebrates have different internal temperature according to the environment. The increase in temperature can lead to fish stocks that are moving north to cooler waters. However, fish species that are adapted to cold water are usually vulnerable to the climate warming as it experience unfavorably high temperature in southernmost distribution reaches. The species of fish that seek cooler water, and swims to north are called as the poleward expansion. It is known to be among the most studied consequence of warmer ocean temperature.

Ways in which ocean is being affected by global warming

Coral bleaching

Coral bleaching

It is quite common for a person to identify that the coral reefs have been dying because of the rise in temperature and climate change. Massive amount of coral bleaching result in death, shrinkage as well as starvation of corals. These corals are known for supporting species residing in coral reefs. Coral reefs are usually sensitive for increasing the temperature. Hence, new research shows that the oceans have been experiencing severe marine heat waves. These waves can push ocean ecosystem as well as animals top their particular limits.

Fish migration

There are multiple kinds of fish species that have been moving towards the poles for responding the ocean warming. In addition to this, this can disrupt the fish species all around the world. The study done by the expert predicts that the change in climate would force many fishes to move in north.

Fish migration

Drowning wetlands

The rise in sea level usually results in the absorption of heat by the ocean and it is drowning wetlands. However, these areas grow vertically fast enough to maintain high level of water. The rise of water has accelerated to a point recently where the wetlands are not able to keep their blades above water. The parts of oceans such as sea grass and coral reefs have been in danger of drowning. However, these parts are only able to photosynthesize in shallow water. The coral reefs, seagrass meadows, wetlands are able to cope up with rising sea and it depend on multiple factors. These factors usually include the cleanliness as well as health of water.

Ocean acidification

Oceans are able to absorb one-third of carbon dioxide, which is sent by humans in atmosphere, and this can be 22 million tons in a day. The higher amount of acidity can damage different ocean species that majorly use of calcium carbonate for forming their shells as well as skeletons. The studies done by the experts have shown that formation of calcium carbonate can be disrupted if it is turned to be acidic. The acidification of ocean usually appears to be effective for entire ecosystem such as coral reefs. However, this depends upon the formation of calcium carbonate for building up the reef structure. This also provides home for different reef organisms.

Ocean Acidification

We at Muskan an NGO, regularly spreading this message that protecting ocean can help in protecting an entire ecosystem, as it is house to many organisms. With your support, or ideas we can stop global warming. It is important to follow the above steps if want to stay safe and healthy.