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Bharat National Car Assessment Programme (NCAP)

Bharat National Car Assessment Programme (NCAP)

The Bharat NCAP is officially called as Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP). This proposed car assessment programme is implemented by Union Minister of road transport and highways 'Shri Nitin Gadkari'. Under this assessment programme, vehicles sold in India will be evaluated by star ratings depending upon their utmost safety performance. It will be launched in phases according to the plans of National Automotive Testing and R&D infrastructure project. The proposed speed estimated for the offset frontal crash vehicles under NCAP programme is 56kph which is lower than global proposed NCAP speed of 64 kph. The main aim of NCAP is to make a car relatively safer beyond mandatory requirements. Bharat NCP is also considered as first rating system globally which aims to incorporate pedestrian safety at the starting state with the aim of promoting more pedestrian-friendly designs.

About Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP)

The BNVSAP is a newly proposed car assessment program in India. Cars sold in India will be allocated with start ratings with consideration to safety performance. This program is developed in phases, as per the plans bring created by R&D Infrastructure project and National Automotive Testing. This program is considered as 10th NCAP in the universe and it is established by the government of India.

This program was expected to start in the middle of 2014 but it was postponed to 2014 to start because of delay in creating labs & other facilities. Within 2 years of implementation, a new vehicle which was sold in India has to comply with strict star ratings according to cash safety performance tests. Some of the vital safety features which are mandatory for the cars sold in India resulting from compulsory crash testing and rankings are seat belt reminders, airbags, and ABS. Rear and side impact tests and offsets front crash tests will be needed by 2017.

Why Is BNVASP Needed For Cars?

India, which is responsible for the majority of road accidents around the globe, as it becomes even more dangerous in 2015 with death rate increased to nearly 5% to 1.46 lakh. This is approximated to 400 deaths per days or one death per 3.6 minutes. Some of the India's most famous vehicles including Hyundai Eon, Mahindra Scorpio, Renault Kwid and Maruti Suzuki Celerio have failed in crash tests during the Global National Car Assessment Programme (GNCAP), an independent charity in the UK focused on consumer-based vehicle safety initiatives.

These above-mentioned cars were some models, along with vehicle Maruti Suzuki Eeco, shipped to Germany for tests. Each vehicle showed some negligible level of protection in terms of an adult occupant. The number of deaths occurring due to road fatalities in India is approximately 3 or 4 times that of other European countries like Spain, Germany, and France. There has been criticizing Indian automotive safety stands for being ineffective and insufficient. India has ranked as 6th biggest car market but it is still the only nation among the other top 10 global car markets without a testing program which assess the safety of vehicles.

It is worth to mention that some of the vehicles manufactured in India for importing to European countries like Suzuki swift seem to score high than the Indian model. The reason for this is, when buying a vehicle, you might have heard of the phrase 'Kitna deti hai' which denotes the mileage of a car. We Indian always prefer for best mileage from our vehicle. For additional 1 or 2 kmpl, we modify our choice, neglecting an essential aspect "The Built Quality'.

Just to augment the mileage, the car manufacturers started to reduce the weight of the vehicle by utilizing thinner aluminum sheets & lighter quality components continuously because there is not the appropriate law the regulate or rank the quality.

Features of Bharat National Car Assessment Programme (NCAP)

  • Cars will be assigned with star ratings depending upon their safety performance to be sold in any country
  • The important safety features like ABS, seat belt and airbags are necessary standards in vehicles that are sold in India liability for mandatory crash testing and rankings.
  • It is compulsory to perform car crash safety tests including rear crash impact, side crash and offset front crash tests needed by the year 2017.
  • About 50,000 fatal accidents occur in the country owing to over-speeding so the government is predicting to create audio warning compulsorily in vehicles.
  • Cars will necessarily have to adhere to strict norms like whiplash injury, pedestrian protection, and child resistant systems standards.

Benefits Of BNVSAP

  • Offers overall safety when you ride on the road
  • New safety features available in cars
  • Crucial safety features like seatbelt, ABS and airbags will be mandatory in cars

Car Testing Protocols Defined By ARAI (Automotive Research Association Of India)

  1. Frontal Offset Testing (64 kmph proposed)
  2. Rear Impact Testing
  3. Side Impact Testing
  4. Child Dummy Dynamic Crash Testing
  5. Pedestrian Protection Testing

Thus, this program is mainly based on the safety features of the car like electronic stability control child lock, seat belt reminders, and ABS. Ratings will be increased according to the safety norms. It is expected that implementation of Bharat National Car Assessment Programme (NCAP) for vehicles in India will increase the cost of the cars from 10 to 20 percent. But the increase in price is quite negligible when compared to the price of our loved ones.

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